Walter Wade, Dublin, [Ireland], to James Edward Smith

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Ref No GB-110/JES/COR/10/104
Title Walter Wade, Dublin, [Ireland], to James Edward Smith
Letter date 7 Nov 1801
Author(s) Walter Wade 1740-1825
Number of Pages 5

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GB-110/JES/COR/10/104 from Walter Wade, Dublin, [Ireland], to James Edward Smith (7 November 1801)

Metadata for GB-110/JES/COR/10/104 from Walter Wade, Dublin, [Ireland], to James Edward Smith (7 November 1801) Close

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Item Type: Document
From: Wade, Walter
Sent from: Dublin, Ireland
To: Smith, Sir James Edward

Account of his botanical tour of the the Connemara area of the county of Galway, Ireland, undertaken in August and September 1801, and his discovery of 'Eriocaulon decangulare'. This area had never before been explored by botanists except for Llhwyd in 1699 [Edward Lhuyd ? (1660-1709), Keeper of Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, 1690-1709]. Brief account of geography of Connemara.
Lists numerous authorities and previous descriptions of the 'Eriocaulon decangulare' he discovered, including: Linnaeus "Sp. Pl." 129 "Mantissa alt." 167 327, "Philosphical Transactions of the Royal Society" v.59.241, [John] Lightfoot "Scot" 569, being the 'Nasmythia articulata' of [William] Hudson "Ang" ed. alt. 414-415, the 'Eriocaulon septangulare' of [William] Withering ed. 3.184, the 'Eriocaulon decangulare' in "Flora Carolin[ian]" 83, Lamarck "Encyclop" tom.3.276. Jancinelle d'ecangulare, "English Botany" vol.II. 733, the 'Eriocaulon septangulare' of [Carl Ludwig] Willdenow "Sp. pl." v.1.486. It inhabits the edges of bodies of water across Connemara and Galway. Analyses its character as described in "English Botany", and by Lightfoot and Hudson. Believes Hudson should have used the trivial name 'reticulata' and not 'articulata', and that the generic name was changed to 'Nasmythia' to honour [John] Nasmyth [(1557-1613)], botanist and surgeon to James I. His own observations on its character. A specimen of his 'Eriocaulon' is enclosed [extant].
Intends in his "Flora Hibernica" to only publish plant locations personally verified by himself in or with a living specimen.
Specimen, 'Eriocaulon'.

Letter date: 7 Nov 1801
Languages: English
Prev Ref No: 10.168
Additional Information:
Note typeNote
Finding AidsDawson, W R, (1934). "Catalogue of the manuscripts in the Library of The Linnean Society - Part I. The Smith papers: The correspondence and miscellaneous papers of Sir James Edward Smith", London: Linnean Society.
Related MaterialLinnaeus, C, (1753). "Species plantarum, exhibentes plantas rite cognitas, ad genera relatas, cum differentiis specificis, nominibus trivialibus, synonymis selectis, locis natalibus, secundum systema sexuale digestas. Tomus I & tomus II." Holmiae: Impensis Laurentii Salvii. Linnaeus, C, (1771). "Mantissa plantarum altera generum editionis VI & specierum editionis II." Holmiae: Impensis direct. Laurentii Salvii. Lightfoot, J, (1777). "Flora Scotica: or, a systematic arrangement... of the native plants of Scotland and the Hebrides." London: B. White. Hudson, W, (1762). "Flora Anglica, exhibens plantas per regnum Angliae sponte crescentes..." Londinum: [privately]. Withering, W, (1796). "An arrangement of British plants; according to the latest improvements of the Linnean system... Third edition..." Birmingham: [privately]. Smith, J E, and Sowerby, J, (1790-1814). "English Botany" London. Linnaeus, C, and Willdenow, C L, (1797-1830). "Species plantarum exhibentes plantas rite cognitas ad genera relatas cum differentiis specificis, nominibus trivialibus synonymis selectis, locis natalibus secundum systema sexuale digestas ... Editio quarta ... curante Carolo Ludovico Willdenow." Berolini: Impensis G. C. Nauk, 4th ed. Walter, T, (1788). "Flora Caroliniana... adumbrationes stirpium plus mille continens: necnon, generibus novis non paucis, speciebus plurimis novisq. ornata." Londinum: Fraser.
Publn NoteSmith, P (ed.), (1832). "Memoir and correspondence of... Sir James Edward Smith" London: Longman, vol 2, pp.147-150.