Bracy Clark, Lausanne, [Switzerland], to James Edward Smith, Norwich, [Norfolk]

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Ref No GB-110/JES/COR/3/69
Title Bracy Clark, Lausanne, [Switzerland], to James Edward Smith, Norwich, [Norfolk]
Letter date 24 Feb 1798
Author(s) Bracy Clark 1771-1860
Number of Pages 4

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GB-110/JES/COR/3/69 from Bracy Clark, Lausanne, [Switzerland], to James Edward Smith, Norwich, [Norfolk] (24 February 1798)

Metadata for GB-110/JES/COR/3/69 from Bracy Clark, Lausanne, [Switzerland], to James Edward Smith, Norwich, [Norfolk] (24 February 1798) Close

Item data

Item Type: Document
From: Clark, Bracy
Sent from: Lausanne, Switzerland
To: Smith, Sir James Edward
Sent to location: Norwich, Norfolk

Has obtained Peter Huber's paper on "the natural history of the humble-bees" for the Linnean Society and relates some of its principal discoveries; Huber is the son of William Huber of Geneva who published an "ingenious" work on hive bees five years ago including discovery that the queen bee is impregnated out of the hive whilst on the wing and that it is fatal to the males. Huber intends to publish further observations on bees in a second volume, including on the small pouches between the segments on the undersides of the abdomen, in which wax is inserted, and has also observed that the "yellow matter" found on the legs of bees is "bee bread", as discovered by John Hunter [(1728-1793), surgeon and anatomist] before him, but Huber found that this was known to an "old English author on bees which was translated early in [the eighteenth] century into German".
Grateful for Smith's assistance in helping him through France and during his "exile" intends to work on framing much better characters for the division of 'Phalaena' [moths]. Unable to give an account of [Edmund] Davall. Comments that "our revolution" has passed off without bloodshed [French invasion of Switzerland], however at the first moment of its revolt every Englishman except himself left Lausanne as it was expected that the [French] would attack, forcing the cantons to gradually fall off [from the Swiss Confederation] and leave Bern at the mercy of the French. Asks whether [William] Kirby has published on bees as was being reported before leaving England.

Letter date: 24 Feb 1798
Languages: English
Prev Ref No: 3.128
Additional Information:
Note typeNote
Finding AidsDawson, W R, (1934). "Catalogue of the manuscripts in the Library of The Linnean Society - Part I. The Smith papers: The correspondence and miscellaneous papers of Sir James Edward Smith", London: Linnean Society.
Related MaterialFor Clark's attempts to gain a French passport see JES/COR/3/68; see also JES/COR/1/60; JES/COR/3/71-72. For detailed decriptions of Davall's condition see JES/COR/3/70-72. Huber, P, 'Observations on several Species of the Genus Apis, known by the Name of Humble-bees, and called Bombinatrices by Linnaeus', "Transactions of the Linnean Society of London", 1802 6(1), pp.214-298. Hunter, J, 'Observations on Bees', "Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London", 1792 82(1), pp.128-195. Kirby, W, (1802). "Monographia Apum Angliae" Ipswich.
AdditionalSmith replied 18 Apr [1798]